And that was found out fairly quickly, after the neutron's discovery. The characteristic function of the conglomerate equals the superposition of the component characteristic functions, and the superposition coefficients may oscillate, The oscillation modes determine the internal configuration of the conglomerates. This tutorial explores how photon energy is absorbed by an electron to elevate it into a higher energy level and how the energy can subsequently be released, in the form of a lower energy photon, when the electron falls back to the original ground state". The electrons orbits a proton. Now, in the physical framework of the orbital model this formula doesn’t apply to the photon because its structure is considered to be in the fundamental equilibrium state, so the structural dispersive and compressive forces compensate, and hence its structural orbital has no mass. What happens to the electron when the photon is absorbed? Let us thus express it this way: the corporeity of the bulb is preserved when it is not shining. I didn’t get at first what you wanted to exactly stress. (2) Two photons enter the same atom simultaneously. However, here we are exclusively interested in the photon itself and in particular we worry about what happens to it once “dead”, i,e. Please be respectful of what is said and do not come up with distorted interpretations. How do you explain the repulsion of the electric charge in the nucleus? The photon causes an electron in the chlorophyll to become “excited.” All this is known for decades, and taught in all courses on electromagnetism, so it's astonishing to find it ``discussed''. And this means that for the transition to be possible at all, additional degrees of freedom must be specified, in order that all the usual conservation laws (i.e. Let us suppose you are in a dark room. The focus is on experiments, that go beyond ``thought experiments'' since the theory is known. so SM is no barrier to further detailed research. And from this , you can get a lot of information about the star you are studying. It is just an approximation to reality, always improvable, which indeed offers the advantage to allow us coming up with quantified results. Because the known particles have properties beyond that of electric charge, that's why. They are restricted to orbits with only certain energies. So an alternative way of doing this calculation is, just, too little, too late, if it's correct; and meaningless, if it's in contradiction with known facts. If a photon is absorbed, then the energy, which is contained in the warps is consumed by the absorber. However, the vast majority of fine-tuned theories lack explanation and only seem to exist for the purpose of reproducing reality in terms of ad-hoc mathematical formulations. The electron has charge, so it interacts with the electromagnetic field (ie, with photons, the quanta of the EM field). It is a question of logical consistence and ontological well-foundedness and of predictive power which of those artefacts are useful for physical theories and therefore can be believed to be "true", which should be better expressed precisely in 'statistical' terms as: "today and here in our solar system it seems reasonable to consider the 'degree of trueness' to be high". However I understand that there can be different points of view. "When an electron is hit by a photon of light, it absorbs the quanta of energy the photon was carrying and moves to a higher energy state. I guess you have heard a lot about virtual particles, you could say that they are ghost particles. In the Orbital Model, the neutron is seen as composed of a core proton and a negative shell of spin 1 and mass 1.29 MeV/c2. “and that’s called an annihilation operator”: the problem with this is that Nature just does not know about this annihilation operator, It has never heard about it. How to setup the relationship to a 'spin'-based definition is one of the problems of Hypotron Theory which are not yet solved completely. My preferred one would be a Quantum Mechanical map, properly adapted to this specific issue. Warps are one-dimensional shock-fronts and are solutions of a homogeneous second order partial differential equation. It's complete. Such an 'excited state' need not be stable, instead, after some 'lifetime' has passed, a part of the EDs 'reorganize' as an individual again and leave the atom, i.e. Unless this issue is addressed, the model is useless. In 1905, Albert Einstein suggested that electromagnetic waves could only exist as discrete wave-packets. If the electron jumps from the second energy level down to the first energy level, it must give off some energy by emitting light. So if the ultraviolet ray and Radio wave get absorbed by the electron together the electron will skip 5 energy levels. When it carries energy, i.e. Do you find it funny that they had to wear spacesuits during Lunar landings, but now that we know there's oxugen there, all that stagework? Orbital model of the structure of elementary particles, https://www.researchgate.net/publication/301585930_Space_this_great_unknown, https://www.researchgate.net/publication/305774508_ELECTROMAGNETISM_EXPLAINED_BY_THE_THEORY_OF_INFORMATONS-2, ELECTROMAGNETISM EXPLAINED BY THE THEORY OF INFORMATONS-2, https://en.wikiversity.org/wiki/Hilbert_Book_Model_Project/Information_Messengers#The_absorption_dilemma, https://www.researchgate.net/publication/299234932_SECRETS_BEHIND_THE_MACH-ZEHNDER_PHENOMENON_1A, https://www.researchgate.net/project/Hypotron-Theory, http://kreuzer-dsr.de/kdsr/bulletin/KDSR_HypotronTheory_Flyer.pdf, SECRETS BEHIND THE MACH-ZEHNDER PHENOMENON, https://www.rand.org/content/dam/rand/pubs/research_memoranda/2006/RM2820.pdf, http://www.lkb.upmc.fr/cqed/wp-content/uploads/sites/14/2016/06/Recife.2008.2.pdf, https://www.researchgate.net/publication/313900108_Deuteron_project, https://www.researchgate.net/publication/1998821. In this framework the electric charge is taken as the sole physical entity that exists. Since I have been asked about the neutron let me comment the following: As well known, each free neutron disintegrates into a proton, an electron and a neutrino. for example: An Ultraviolet ray which has a short wavelength meaning more energy can cause an electron to skip, lets say, 4 energy levels. This preview shows page 2 - … Indeed, the term "combination" can better be replaced by "structure consisted of a carrier and an energy packet". Remember that any approach is a map with its own degree of approximation to a credible representation of the territory. The criticism to the CERN and the selling of their research using fantastic names is fully shared with you. But this makes quite improbable that you would come up with any scientific breakthrough. In §1.2 and §1.3 of the priviously cited article the content of the term "information" is described and mathematically defined. The electron’s kinetic energy and momentum is changed to conserve total momentum and energy of the electron-photon pair. formerly conicet and universidad nacional del litoral. The other one refers to the structural cohesion of the photon. For example, I had a rejection in 8 hours, an acceptance in 2 days, a rejection in 9 months, and an acceptance in 18 months. If you try to go deeper in the issue, you have to ask yourself why very energetic photons, above 1.02 MeV do not dissociate into a pair e+ e-. It needs to gain (-3.4) - (-13.6) = 10.2 eV of energy to make it up to the second energy level.The electron can gain the energy it needs by absorbing light. I am try ing not having to repeat what has been already expressed. And a radio wave with a long wavelength meaning less energy can cause the electron, lets say, to only skip 1 energy level. Any change in the fundamentals would deadly devirtualise the model. The exclusive recourse to the electric charge is the very essential point of the model, on which is based its specificity. revolving at a speed close to that of light. 54 371 doi:10.3367/UFNe.0181.201104c.0389. There isn't any notion of ``respect of fundaments of a model''-the description is either mathematically consistent or it isn't. But in its absorption by a material it just loose the energy related to its wavelength without loosing its structural bonding energy of 1.02 MeV, energy that should be brought by the absorber in order to get dissociated. Why should we appeal to very complicated models and theories? The muon can be seen as an excited state of the electron. All of what you mention is basically realized in hypotron theory (HT). And, some, of the consequences of how these are described-quantitatively-is presented, for instance, here: Once the rules of calculation have been automated, it's time to think of beyond the Standard Model. The atom has energy levels in which the electrons can jump from one energy level to another. The photon itself ceases to be. May be you should read about the philosophy of science to learn being in the future more cautious about dogmatic asseverations. its structural orbital supports a variety of bonding quantum states with different energy levels. In the analogy, the spring stands for the bonding force of the dipole. photons are a form of holistic free energy, when detected they are bounded energy, the ones emitted are never the same as the ones absorbed in a real situation, except maybe in the case of resonance (Mossbauer included) provided that the spin is preserved, which is very difficult to occur. Observers can only access information that comes from the past and it is transferred to them via vibrations and deformations of the continuum that embeds both the observed event and the observer. Their orbital structure is traced by the integer electric charge q, and since it applies to all elementary particles, the model presents thus the great advantage of being unitary. Observers perceive in spacetime format, while at the situation of the observed event the information is available in the Euclidean format. If seen as a gyratory-oscillatory dipole, the photon has then two energies. The electron moves to an orbit farther from the nucleus of the atom Why was Bohr's theory for the hydrogen atom initially accepted, and why was it ultimately discarded. The problems about the wavefunctions of particles have been addressed in countless papers on quarkonia, for instance. I do not doubt that the absorption process has been quite well approached on mathematical grounds. The photons whose quantum energies equal the gap between the ground and excited state are the only ones that will be absorbed by the electron. As we know it has no mass but energy, representing a unique case given that it violates the famous mass-energy equivalence (E = m c2). The difference in ordering symmetry explains the short list of electric and color charges that exist in the standard model. The dialogue would be more interesting if you would pay more attention about what is said and do not come up with wrong interpretation. 119, 033001 – Published 18 July 2017. These elementary particles form conglomerates that again possess a footprint, which is generated by a stochastic process that owns a characteristic function. In such a model a photon is reduced essentially to one type of constituents, i.e. In that respect it will be difficult to surpass it. Photon is a very weak electric dipole that is consistent with the experience. This doesn't mean that one is computing the mass of the muon, however and there's a reason for that, that's well understood. It doesn't make sense talking before having done the calculations-and these are homework problems now. It looks to me that you ask questions that show that you have not much read the different papers loaded. You said: The photon does not absorb 1.02 MeV, it has the energy of 1.02 MeV. the atom ejects a photon. If you don’t see it feasible, it is your free choice. Uploaded By denisse9802. If it is, it either is consistent with all known measurements and predicts new ones, or it isn't and/or doesn't. The parameter spaces correspond to versions of the quaternionic number system. Suppose you are working in a research group and a very specific research must be carried out. A stochastic process that generates the locations where an elementary particle can be detected owns a characteristic function that acts as a displacement generator. Photons are strings of warps that each carry a standard bit of energy. What happens to the photon when it is absorbed? Now, let us apply it to the photon. The strength of the bond varies with the specific quantum state of the vehicular charge in each type of bond, e.g. I point out that the energy that may be carried by any particle should be well differentiated from the bonding energy that its structure may have (an energy that is conventionally considered negative) since it represents the input energy that should be provided to the particle to dissociate it. If you think the model is wrong why don't you join some other forum more affined to your point of view. Some times a photon or another electron kicks an electron off its orbit and it wanders around, this is called Ionization. Different mathematical maps can be intended to be applied. to suspect something to exist. The electron can also emit a photon making it go down an energy level, so now its back at Paschen. Both answers above are more correct of course but I thought it might help you to understand thinking of it the way I had to ;) When you eat (absorb) you can jump to a higher energy level and when you give all your food away (emit) you will fall to a lower energy level. You can sign in to vote the answer. The only relevant questions are, whether the new formulation reproduces everything already known, to the same precision. The platform get these properties from the parameter spaces that act on these platforms. The energy of the full system is, usually, conserved, so the photon's energy is transferred to the possible final state, that, by definition, has n-1 photons. when it “shines”, one assumes implicitly that it does exist. 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