The usual trench mound technique adopted in forest for other species is also adopted for sandal. They prefer full sun but will grow in part shade. This means that a tree with a single stem will be more valuable than one with a shrubby form of the same weight. Both in the local and international market, there is a huge demand for sandalwood. But, you have to sell it to the forest department of India or you have to inform forest department before cutting it. Spacing : 6 mt X 3 mt (Sandal), 6 mt x 6 mt ( Mango). The Team @ Lahari. At Lahari, we are a group of young Entrepreneurs and skilled professionals experienced in the fields of Construction, Planning, Civil, Architecture and Design. High risk periods of high spore count in the water system and what irrigation events cause a greater presence of spores. m=s.getElementsByTagName(o)[0];a.async=1;a.src=g;m.parentNode.insertBefore(a,m) In sandalwood tree cultivation sowing mainly done by the seeds. The host trees provide extra water and nutrients to the sandalwood delivered by a unique root connection called haustoria. Sandalwood Cultivation – be a part of a thriving economical segment. Methods of branch pruning – branch size, optimum length of stump, sealing of pruning, chemical spraying after pruning the plantation. The pole is introduced at the base of the bush and through the hole 4 to 5 seeds are transferred to the base of the bush. India uses all S. album domestically and export is prohibited (USDA, 1990). distribution, morphology, tree improvement, soils, silviculture, physiology, biotechnology, diseases and pests, chemistry and utilization, Production and export management, etc. Although India has been known for its sandalwood production for decades, it was largely confined to the forests of South Indian states and the plantations of these state governments. To produce commercially valuable sandalwood with high levels of fragrance oils, the trees have to be at least 40 years of age, but 80 or above is preferred. 6000/ Kg) Rs.2,74,50,000 Total Expenditure incurred per acre Rs. Although it is available in some other countries still the Indian Sandalwood has retained its dominance over other sources because of its quality. Chinnegowda planted about 3,000 sandalwood trees, a highly-endemic species, in about 100 acres of land in 2005-06. A pruning strategy of single verses multiple stems on heartwood production. Silviculture guidelines to minimize fungal attack risk to the Tropical sandalwood industry. And now, the private cultivation of this precious tree is rapidly increasing. So far no permanent remedial measures have been prescribed for control of spike disease. Land as a commodity has many uses and features, however owning a plot of land brings with it a serious amount of paperwork and background […], Although it appears otherwise, there is plenty of water on earth. Sandalwood seeds with rm endosperm upon performing a cutting test 4.1.3 Seed collection, extraction, processing and storage Ripe fruits are hand-picked and dropped into a cloth or khaki bag. It is not exacting as to the depth of the soil and is frequently found on rocky ground and on stony or gravelly soils. Cultivation of sandal in India is less attempted though the potential is high. Sandalwood grows best between attitudes of 700 to 1100m though it may go up to 1500m and descend as low as 300m. Its market price ranges between Rs 3,000 and Rs 7,000 per kg, with the top-quality sandalwood sometimes sold at around Rs 10,000 per kg. However, they may not require irrigation in rainy conditions. The collected seeds are well-treated and dried in sunlight before seminate on nursery beds. Sandalwood trees are tolerant of high wind, drought, salt spray and intense heat. To encourage sandalwood cultivation, the Karnataka Forests Act, Tamil Nadu Forests Act, Kerala Forests Act and Andhra Pradesh forests Act have been amended. 211 forest guards are appointed for the protection of these sandalwood trees. But, the most fundamental of all issues is not the scarcity of water, but weak water management practices. The leaves are leathery and in pairs on either side of the stem. About 6000 seeds make 1 kg. On the one hand, multiple stems may produce less heartwood oil than a single stem; however, the reduced pruning may reduce fungal attack. km. Imports into the Middle are also increasing. Ø      Dibbling of seeds in pits or mounds, Ø      Planting container or polybag raised seedlings in the nurseries. As such, those who begin cultivation of Santalum likely will not live to reap the rewards of their work. So, you are sure to get hig… 18,15,000 NET PROFIT WOULD BE MORE THAN Rs. This disease is caused by mycoplasma-like organisms (MLO). Each cell in a tree carries out all […], Focus on better farming for better productivity and prosperity India has been a prosperous country for time immemorial with agriculture as its main occupation. Sandalwood oil is extracted from the woods for use. The occurrence of heartwood varies. In today’s context of ‘Global warming’ an alarming emergency, wood is the most carbon neutral material available. The cost of sandalwood cultivation would approximately be around Rs 8 to 10 lakh per acre (, but the returns can range between Rs 1.5 crore to Rs 2 crore. The sandalwood cultivation profit to an investor is tremendous and it’s the only wood in the world to be sold by weight. Sandal trees freely produce seed and natural regeneration occurs both via seedlings and through root suckers after trees have been uprooted and the stump removed from the ground. Trees start flowering from 3 years of age. From an acre of land, you can expect a yield of 5000 kg of sandalwood. They prefer a temperature range of 12°-30° C (53°-86° F). Indian Sandalwood (Santalum album L.) may be considered as one of the world's most valuable commercial timber and is currently valued globally for its heartwood and oil. Your email address will not be published. Sandalwood can grow in a variety of soil types including red clay soils, sandy soils and clay-rich black soils and can tolerate gravelly soil and rocky hard ground. Indian Sandalwood is known as “Royal Tree” & it is associated with Indian culture & heritage. Some trees develop heartwood between 4 and 6 years of age, others when they are between 15 and 20 years old, and others never develop it at all. Sandalwood oil also known as fragrance oil, perfume oil, body oil. Sandalwood is not a tree frequently grown in American backyards, and while general cultivation information is available, its scope is limited. – Indian sandalwood consists of up to 6% oil and around 90% if α and β santalols (which is claimed to be the highest). How does tree start production of heartwood? Since then, sandalwood oil and handicrafts have become more important. ga('send', 'pageview');

To his advantage, in 2012 the Kabini dam water reached his farm through the canals. Thank you Hosachiguru for the information! Investing in agricultural farmlands in India has great advantages; the major one being that income earned from and the profit made from selling the farmland are free […], India, the second most populated country in the world, has an average of 25-30 people migrating from rural areas to urban cities every minute. Regeneration has been obtained successfully by following methods. This is the only condition left. Sandalwood trees thrive well in the tropical and sub-tropical regions where the climate is hot & humid. Given barren land by her husband, Kavita, a native of Karnataka’s Raichur district learn’t cultivation and grew sandalwood, pomegranate, mango, lemon, drumstick and coconut trees. In sandalwood tree cultivation sowing mainly done by the seeds. As the disease progresses, the new leaves become smaller, narrower or more pointed and fewer in number with each successive year until the new shoots give an appearance of fine spike. USA and France are the two largest importers of Indian sandalwood oil. As per the proposed amendment to the Karnataka Tree Act 1927, the forest department allows individuals to freely grow and own sandalwood trees. Fairly good success has been achieved by this method. Many of these people migrate to find a better livelihood and lifestyle in the cities. The best hosts for sandalwood are nitrogen-fixing trees because the growth of sandalwood depends on the availability of amino acids, and the host plant should not compete with the sandalwood for nutrients (SPC, source , 2005). Sandalwood plays an important role in the religious life of Indians. Sandal trees freely produce seed and natural regeneration occurs both via seedlings and through root suckers after trees have been uprooted and the stump removed from the ground. The price of Sandalwood in India is everyday increasing price Rs. – Indian Sandalwood is highly prized due to its aromatic fragrant wood. The effect of root pruning on fungal presence in sandalwood trees. They are used in the landscape as hedges, specimen plants, shade trees and xeriscaping plants. That state has been the victim of a series of boom and bust economic cycles based on commodities like supplying the American whaling fleet, pineapple, sugar, military spending and tourism. Organic Farming of sandal wood cultivation : ... No of sandalwood trees eligible for extraction 305 Quantity of heart wood expected per tree-15 kgs 4575 kgs Average cost of sandalwood heart wood (Rs. Have you ever been interested in owning a farm land? It is an evergreen tree with slow growth rate reaching a height of about 10 to 15 m with girth size up to 1 to 2.5 m. It takes nearly 30 years for the tree to reach economic activity. The septa at the nodes are removed and one end of the pole is sharpened or a hollow metal piece is attached. So, you are sure to get high returns from sandalwood cultivation. Though returns on sandalwood cultivation are very high in which naturally grown sandalwood tree takes 30 years to be ready for harvesting whereas intensive cultivation in organic methods give quick results in 10-15 years Need plantation with Host plant. The rules governing felling, transport, conservation and disposal of sandalwood have been liberalized. Best growth of tree is on rich fairly moist such as garden loam and well drained deep alluvium on the river banks. Return on Sandalwood Tree in India. Dear Reader, Business Standard has always strived hard to provide up-to-date information and commentary on developments that are of interest to you and have wider political and economic implications for the country and the world. Santalum paniculatum (ʻiliahi), Hawaiʻi Sandalwood is a class of woods from trees in the genus Santalum. Sandalwood is widely cultivated in India and Australia. Permission is given to cut a sandalwood tree in private ownership after thorough inspection by the officials. – Sandalwood is an extremely precious element and is used for carving. The recommendations will as follows: Heartwood formation in sandal trees generally starts around 10-13 years of age, but what triggers this process has not been very well understood. High risk periods of high spore count in the air and what weather events cause a greater presence of spores. Involving common people, corporates and NGOs to invest in this venture in order to gain holistically from a ‘Restorative Economy’ while uplifting the ecology of the area. Certain trees flower only once a year and some do not flower regularly. In gold we trust – for hundreds of years this has been our favourite investment, one that is credited with protecting families and honour in times […], Wood has been a companion of humans since prehistoric times and has been through the passage of civilisations. The Karnataka State Forest Department has liberalized the regulations related to sandalwood cultivation to ensure that there is no shortage of sandalwood in the coming future. Its market price ranges between Rs 3,000 and Rs 7,000 per kg, with the top-quality sandalwood sometimes sold at around Rs 10,000 per kg. I can think of no better way to pay back to mother-earth during any kind of crisis thanserving on farmland or using my experience in agriculture. Spike disease is one of the important diseases of sandal. Because of the sandalwood tree’s hemi-parasitic nature, they must be cultivated near a host plant, a cultivation strategy known as inter planting. International demand for sandalwood is estimated to the 10,000 mt per year. (function($) {window.fnames = new Array(); window.ftypes = new Array();fnames[0]='EMAIL';ftypes[0]='email';fnames[1]='FNAME';ftypes[1]='text';fnames[3]='MMERGE3';ftypes[3]='text';}(jQuery));var $mcj = jQuery.noConflict(true); For Seedlings and Plantation guidance, contact our Programme Manager, Eco-care and Aware below : (function(i,s,o,g,r,a,m){i['GoogleAnalyticsObject']=r;i[r]=i[r]||function(){ To 7.5. But, a policy change by these governments in 2002 allowed people to grow sandalwood. Over the years Sandalwood & Chandan tree prices is increasing in India that increases the private cultivation of sandalwood, but it will be a long wait for farmers to reap benefits and for India to regain its supremacy in the global sandalwood trade The felled tree is transported to the sandalwood depot and is auctioned after completing necessary formalities. Pits of 50X50X50 cm3 are dug out at a spacing of 3 mt x 3 mt or  4 mt x 4 mt. Sandalwood timber is not milled so the form of the tree is less important than for other valuable timbers. The sandalwood odor persists in articles made of sandalwood for decades. It can occur at any stage of development of the tree. Red ferruginous loam is the most common soil on which sandal tree occurs, the underlying rock often is metamorphic and chiefly gneiss. This website has visualized and maintained a well-designed computerized web database providing quick access to some of the most important basic information relating to S. album  tree e.g. Depending on genetic and environmental factors, trees are in their prime as heartwood producers between 30 and 80 years of age. Afforesting barren lands with Sandalwood trees using commercial farming and proven scientific cultivation techniques. Sandalwood is a parasitic plant deriving its nutritional requirement from other plants. The oil has a woody, exotic smell, subtle and lingering and the colour is pale yellow to pale gold. Spread of disease is sporadic and the disease is transmitted in nature by insect vectors. Training is free & there is no registration fee Date: 21 st to 24 th … (Troup, 1921) Sandal grows better in slight alkaline condition soil PH Range between 6.7. Does the concept of investing in nature excite you? at Marayur in Idukki district. This method is adopted in open scrub jungles with lot of bushes. But the exponential increase in population and the advent of chemical fertilizers and pesticides […], Agriculture Sandalwood was once considered as the primary source of Mysore state economy where the entire budget was planned based on sandalwood. Cultivation of sandalwood trees could get a boost with Indian researchers figuring out how sandal trees derive their nutrition from other plants. The value of heartwood is due to its oil content, and the superiority of the oil is due to the percentage of santalol. When sandalwood tree plants are 15 to 20 years old then in August to march you can collect the seeds from the sandalwood. (i) In a tree the oil content is highest in the root, next highest in the stem at ground level, and gradually tapers off towards the tip of the stem. Traditionally, we in India have gone with two time-tested options – gold and land. Sandalwood was once considered as the primary source of Mysore state economy where the entire budget was planned based on sandalwood. Sandalwood is now cultivated in India, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines and Northern Australia. Step 1 Grow sandalwood in full sunlight in well-drained soil with a pH between 5.6 and 7.8. The best host species are the nitrogen-fixing plants. After soaking the powder in water for 2 days (48 hours) and distilled. The highest quality sandalwood variety can fetch a price of up to Rs 10,000 per kg. When sandalwood tree plants are 15 to 20 years old then in August to march you can collect the seeds from the sandalwood. To know more about the cultivation process and maintenance details, read on…. There is still debate as to whether S. album is native to Australia and India or was introduced by fishermen, traders or birds from southeast Asia centuries ago. For Seedlings and Plantation guidance, contact our Programme Manager,  Eco-care and Aware below : Santalum album commonly known as East Indian Sandalwood or Chandan belongs to the family Santalaceae. Santalum album is an evergreen tree. The soil pH should range between 6 and 7.5. Forced to Give up Infosys Job, Karnataka Woman Grows 8000 Fruit Trees in Barren Land. This method has proved successful in many forest areas. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Miscellaneous secondary forest species as host plants are planted in the same pit or they may be planted in separate pits in a quincunx pattern. Sandalwood cultivation is a highly profitable business which needs very minimal maintenance. The collected seeds are well-treated and dried in sunlight before seminate on nursery beds. Pick a sunny climate with moderate rainfall. As it is semi parasitic in nature it prefers to […], Most of us agree that while earning money is hard, investing it wisely is harder. Managing a life resource requires adequate knowledge of watershed hydrology and implementation of […], Santalum album L. (East Indian Sandalwood) is a medium-sized semi-parasitic tree which can reach to a height of 33 to 66 feet. (i[r].q=i[r].q||[]).push(arguments)},i[r].l=1*new Date();a=s.createElement(o), Cultivation of sandal in India is less attempted though the potential is high. The essential oil obtained from this wood has occupied significant place in perfumery industries/market. The ownership of sandalwood trees grown on private lands now vests with the landowners. In some ways, farmland is even better […], Most of us dream of owning a piece of agricultural land, where we can fulfill our passion for farming as well as use it as a weekend getaway. It is highly valuable and becoming endangered species. Stem borers Zeuzera coffease Nietn (red borer) Indarbela quardinotata Walker (bark-feeding caterpillar) and Aristobia octofasiculata Aurivillius (heartwood borer) are some of the pests causing considerable damage to living trees. The essential oil contains Alpha-santalol and beta-santalol amount to more than 90 % of the oil – making it very superior sandalwood oil. Sandalwood is in high demand (about 20,000 metric tons and oil 1000 tons) in the international markets and the current production across the world does not meet this demand which has led to a drastic rise in the sandalwood price. The main chemical components are santalol, santyl acetate and santalene (Bo Jensen, Denmark). The oil content and its composition may differ at the same age: (i) Young trees (height less than 10 m, girth less than 50 cm, and heartwood diameter 0.5-2 cm) have heartwood with 0.2-2 percent oil content, which has 85 percent santalol, 5 percent acetate, and 5 percent santalenes. Advantages of investing in agricultural farmland in India, In some ways farmland is even better than gold or silver, Top 5 mistakes to avoid while buying farmland in India. Certain factors, generally relating to stress, such as gravelly dry soil, insolation, and range of elevation (500-700 m), seem to provide the right environment for the formation of heartwood, irrespective of the size of the stem after 10 years of age. megakit,business,company,agency,multipurpose,modern,bootstrap4. The young sandalwood plants need to be provided with irrigation once in 2 to 3 weeks during summer. Due to restrictions in growing sandalwood in many states in India, the demand for sandalwood is very high. Very informative. Healthy sandal seedlings; preferably above 30 cm in height are planted in the pits. Seed production generally is good in one of the seasons. Sandalwood oil also known as fragrance oil, perfume oil, body oil. Planting Polybag Seedlings (Raised in the Nurseries). Cultivating sandalwood plants requires less water. Our country has been a pioneer in farming practices; spreading its fame and popularity across geographical boundaries. The most expensive wood in the world could be sandalwood tree. The cultivation requires temperatures ranging from 12 degree to 40 degree Celsius and lands at reasonably higher altitudes (preferably 2000 to 3500 feet above sea level). The sandalwood cultivation profit to an investor is tremendous and it’s the only wood in the world to be sold by weight. Required fields are marked *. Natural sandalwood trees can be found in Kerala, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh in India. })(window,document,'script','','ga');

However, because the larger logs have a greater the proportion of heartwood the commercial value of the tree is related to the diameter of the trunk.

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