Blackwell: Oxford. Tagalog (/ t ə ˈ ɡ ɑː l ɒ ɡ /, tə-GAH-log; Tagalog pronunciation: [tɐˈɡaːloɡ]; Baybayin: ᜏᜒᜃᜅ᜔ ᜆᜄᜎᜓᜄ᜔) is an Austronesian language spoken as a first language by the ethnic Tagalog people, who make up a quarter of the population of the Philippines, and as a second language by the majority. This class includes features for which we have found evidence of their relevance to morphosyntax. 1972. Two word stage. 3, No. 201-218) Ma. Cambridge: CUP. To browse Academia.edu and the wider internet faster and more securely, please take a few seconds to upgrade your browser. Castairs-McCarthy, Andrew. No feature in any language has values which are consistently realised in the permitted ways across all relevant elements. An introduction to grammatical features. In Middle English the group genitive (i.e. 1993. English Grade 7 - Match the Questions to the Answers Tests were designed to help you practice English grammar by matching questions to answers. Two word sentences usually appear when the child is around 18 months old. Language feature helps you to understand what the writer is saying. Also, Tayao (2008) and Flores (2009) have investigated the phonological features of some basilectal speakers including yayas. Each feature entry is structured as follows: Surrey Morphology Group,School of Literature and Languages,University of Surrey, Guildford, GU2 7XH, UK, University of Surrey, Guildford, GU2 7XH, UK, Morpho-syntax of mutual intelligibility in the Turkic languages of Central Asia, Combining gender and classifiers in natural language, Verb classification in Gújjolaay Eegimaa (Atlantic, Niger-Congo). English in the Philippines(cont.) Stump, Gregory T. 2001. However, it turns out that not just values, but even features themselves can be non-autonomous. Ideally, for each feature and value one should be able to identify a phonological segment that realises it. Filipino experience of Western colonialism and its linguistic effects has been unique, in that there have been two colonizers in succession: Spain from the 16c and the US from 1898, when English arrived in the islands. In some languages gender is evident in almost every phrase, while in other languages it is absent. According to Bautista (2000), the first phase was the period when studies focused mainly on Filipino users’ errors in English … Amsterdam: Benjamins. Interpreting uninterpretable features. Wurzel, Wolfgang Ullrich. Education, Teachers Day. Teachers may refer to texts such as Learner English (Swan & Smith, 2001) in order to inform themselves about the key grammatical features of the languages spoken by students in their class. Indiana University Linguistics Club Twentieth Anniversary Volume. There are several questions and answers divided into 2 … Which hypothesis of Krashen’s Monitor Model proposes that when learners are exposed to grammatical features a little beyond their current (i.e., I + 1), those features are “acquired”. In: A.A. Zaliznjak (ed.) The writer usually uses different language techniques to convey his message. Comrie, Bernard. Bybee, Joan L. 1985. Phonology refers to … In: Štekauer, Pavol & Rochelle Lieber (eds) Handbook of Word-Formation. Matthews, P.H. This map from the World Atlas of Language Structures Online shows the distribution of gender as a grammatical feature in 256 languages: white = none; yellow = two; orange = three; red = four; black = five or more. the features of Philippine English. majority; such + singular noun); (3) omission of indirect object Language is an essential part of our lives. These are the most lasting and regular features of the dialect. 157-170). Berlin: Walter de Gruyter. Pronouns are a lexical category. The differences between English and Swedish. Cambridge: CUP. African American Vernacular English (AAVE) Grammar1 1.0 General As with the outline of AAVE phonology, this guide describes some of the main features of AAVE grammar but is not exhaustive. An Introduction. Formal and informal language - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary American and British English Words List (A to Z) Difference between, English Grammar. 2010. Number of genders (Corbett 2013). This article provides some useful tidbits for you to live the language by understanding some basic Filipino grammar rules. 10 Steps for Success in Exam. 1999. LANGUAGES IN CONTACT ACROSS GENERATIONS: A STUDY ON PHILIPPINE PLAYS IN ENGLISH FROM THE 1950s TO THE 1970s, Nativization of English in Malaysia and the Philippines as Seen in English Dailies, Thesis Chapter 6 - Summary, Conclusions, and Recommendations.pdf, World Englishes in Asian Contexts by Yamuna Kachru and Cecil L. Nelson. Examples mine.) We provided tips and helpful lessons you need to pass ... Read moreEnglish Grammar and Correct Usage Sample Tests Lexical Features of Philippine English Group 3 SHARP Definitions Intro Lexicon Lexicon vocabulary of a person, language or subject Lexicon is from Greek lexikon (biblion) meaning "word(book)" PH English Philippine English Philippine English is legitimate having its own grammatical, This chapter describes the phonology of Philippine English from a sociolectal perspective. Mar 26, 2013 - Explore suffpri english's board "Good Examples of Grammatical Features", followed by 215 people on Pinterest. A lexical item can also be a part of a word or a chain of words. For example, there are only 4 forms of the regular verb to ask: ask, asks, asked, asking. Zaliznjak, A.A. 1973. Incentives to learn English, included recruitment into the civil service and study in the US. Welcome to the Features website. [Linguistische Berichte, Sonderheft 14]. Language features literary means analyzing language. On delimiting cases. In our search for possible morphosyntactic features, we have found at least one language (for each feature) in which the following features can be morphosyntactic: However, while some of these are typical features of agreement or government and occur very commonly, others only rarely play a role in syntax. In: Booij, Geert & Jaap van Marle (eds) Yearbook of Morphology 1993. No article is necessary before Singular names of countries or territories, cities, towns, states, streets, lakes, bays, mountains, continents, islands, languages, sports, academic subjects. Berlin: Akademie-Verlag. Svenonius, Peter. . 1985. (SPOT.ph) You may think you have a solid grasp of our native language, and it’s probably because you use Filipino in your conversations on a daily basis. Corbett, Greville G. 2000. This is a central gap in the conceptual underpinning of much linguistic investigation. WikiMatrix Due to the evolution of English grammar, modern English lacks the Germanic grammatical features that permeated Anglo-Saxon English. features such as phonological features, grammatical features, lexical features, and discourse features. Language 31(3):402-408. How are the lexical features of Philippine English described with regard to Their versions of English were highly influenced by their own first languages and simpler in comparison: a small vocabulary, few grammatical rules and inflections, and regularity in what rules there were. 1986. Improve your grammar by using these grammar resources from BBC Learning English. Similarly, we refer to an 'inventory of features' (meaning, categories, or features as such), while at the same we time talk abou… 10 Investigating the grammatical features of Philippine English (pp. A row below them are books of Filipino rhymes and legends arranged one on top of another. Grammatical features: A key to understanding language Project members: Prof Greville G. Corbett Dr Anna Kibort. Further, the writers use techniques such as figures of speech, sentence structure, tone, and word choice. As a beginner, you must know basic English grammar rules, as they show you how to arrange vocabulary and make meaningful expressions. The Filipino Language In … In: Brown, Dunstan, Greville G. Corbett & Carole Tiberius (eds) Agreement: A Typological Perspective [Special issue of the Transactions of the Philological Society 101(2)]. Aspects of the Theory of Syntax. Generalized Phrase Structure Grammar. Note that have got is possible in American English, but is used with the meaning 'have', and gotten is the usual past participle of get.. Geographical features: Definite article is used before mountain ranges, groups of islands, rivers, seas, oceans and canals. 86-106. A grammatical category is a class of units (such as noun and verb) or features (such as number and case) that share a common set of characteristics. Corbett, Greville G. 2006. Figure 1. The categories which we have not found to participate in either agreement or government are often morphosemantic features: The structure of the entries reflects our approach to each candidate feature. World Englishes 23(1). In turn, a morphosemantic feature in a given language is a feature which is inherent only; that is, there are no elements (word classes or lexemes) for which it is contextual. As [William] Labov (1969) has explained, the rule for its use is really quite simple. Learning advanced English grammar will help you achieve success in your writing and beyond. Problemy grammatičeskogo modelirovanija. Agreement. Gazdar, Gerald, Ewan Klein, Geoffrey K. Pullum & Ivan A. Voprosy jazykoznanija 4:25-40. They sprinkle it with Chinese, Hokkien and Malay phrases. Introduction: Swedish is a member of the Germanic branch of the Indo-European family and therefore shares close ties with English.Swedes tend to learn English relatively easily. 203-234. The aim of the project 'Grammatical features: A key to understanding language' was to identify morphosyntactic features, and we investigated a variety of features which could be thought to have this status. Pronunciation model: Philippine English View the key for Philippine English here . Berkeley Linguistic Society 11:372-386. (Studia grammatica 21). It spread rapidly, to the detriment of SPANISH, because it was the new language of government, preferment, and education. Speak and write the Filipino language fluently by learning the rules to avoid the most common Filipino grammar mistakes. 3. 2, August 2016 THE TYPICAL DIFFERENT FEATURES OF GRAMMAR OF THE BRITISH ENGLISH (BrE) AND AMERICAN ENGLISH (AmE) I Wy Dirgeyasa wayandirgayasa@yahoo.com Universitas Negeri Medan Abstract There are a number of varieties of English all over the world such as American, British, Australian, Indian, Singaporean, Philippine English, etc. The importance of knowledge about language is recognised in the Language Strand of the Victorian Curriculum, English where ‘students develop their knowledge of the English language and how it works’ (VCAA). It will help you gain a broader understanding of the structures and functions of all levels of the English language. Teodozo Llamzon’s monograph Standard Filipino English provides the first official Passing this part of the examination will help you big time in taking other exams as well because correct grammar is so important. It presents results from a fieldwork study aimed at determining the distinctive phonological features of the Philippine English variety used by three groups of speakers: an acrolectal, a mesolectal, and a basilectal group. English by comparing the grammar of English with the one of Latin. Hamburg: Helmut Buske. Due to many foreign influences, it is no wonder that the Philippine language has evolved to include new inventions that perfectly capture the culture and traditions of the country. Investigating the Grammatical Features of Philippine English - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. Prolegomena to a typology of morphological features. Morphology 16.231-246. Flexionsmorphologie und Natürlichkeit. 5 Unique Features of Singlish Singlish is a one-of-a-kind language, and its characteristics may require some explanation. Bautista, Maria Lourdes S. 2008. I again note that all the features discussed here are variable. For example the word ƿīf - "woman" is actually of the neuter (grammatical) gender, not the feminine (natural gender). 143-172. Lourdes Bautista's scholarly work on "Investigating the Grammatical Features of Philippine English." 27-49. 1965. Cambridge: CUP. 1984. (2004) provide summary lists of the kind of syntactic features which distinguish non‐standard and regional varieties of English round the world from a … The English language is one of the most popular languages to learn, perhaps the most spoken language around the world is English, and many people choose to learn the language simply to place them in a better position to secure work, or communicate more effectively with more people from around the globe. See more ideas about Picture book, Childrens books, Books. Gender categories in Polish. Acquisition results from comprehensible input, which is made understandable with the help provided by the context. Linguists have discussed the concept of “Philippine English” that has different variations of typical English words and here are a few examples of these words: 1. Dordrecht: Kluwer]. Since Swedish, Danish and Norwegian are closely connected, much of the following analysis applies to the latter two languages too, particularly in terms of grammar. For example, consider the pronoun in English. Features have proved invaluable for analysis and description, and have a major role in contemporary linguistics, from the most abstract theorising to the most applied computational applications. An example of this can be found in the "Person" entry, where in the "Problem cases" section we discuss the non-autonomous person feature in Archi which does not have unique phonological realisation, but where the particular choice of gender and number markers is used to distinguish persons 1 and 2 from person 3. The verb in Philippine English: A preliminary analysis of modal would. It validates the features already identified in previous studies by using a concordancing program on the one-million word Philippine corpus, the Philippine component of the International Corpus of English (ICE-PHI). This is the towards advanced grammar reference guide The following map shows how they share out the load of work in syntax between them. Philippine English (PhE), an Outer Circle English, may be acceptable for ... (2001) determined the standard grammatical features of PhE from subject-verb agreement to prepositions through the analysis of the Philippine ... PHI is the first digital corpus of PhE compiled by Bautista, Lising, and Dayag (Bautista 2004, p. 9). Chumakina, Marina, Anna Kibort & Greville G. Corbett. Evans, Nicholas. Bautista’s Defining Standard Philippine English: Its Status & Grammatical Features (2000) presents three phases of study which have examined Philippine English over the years. . Second Edition. This page gives a brief introduction to grammatical features and an explanation of some academic and technical conventions adopted in this website. Seeing and hearing many examples will help you understand the rules better than will memorizing grammar terms. Moscow: Nauka. O ponimanii termina 'padež' v lingvističeskix opisanijax. Zwicky, Arnold M. 1985. Vol. Philippine English traditionally follows American English spelling and grammar (with little to no similarity to British English) except when it comes to punctuation as well as date notations. Mel'čuk, Igor A. Corbett, Greville G. 1991. . on the phonological features of Philippine English. Inflectional Morphology. In attempting to understand language, many researchers use features, the elements into which linguistic units, such as words, can be broken down. Introduction Both Hickey (2004) and Kortmann et al. Dordrecht: Kluwer. You can download the paper by clicking the button above. the genitive of a complex noun phrase like the king of England) was a split construction, e.g. Linguistic Inquiry 13:571-612. While there are some words lexically unique to AAVE, for example, "crib" and "homey," the majority of its contrast with other dialects of English lies in its phonology and grammar. For example, the word ‘juice’ might mean ‘I’ve finished my juice’ or ‘I want more juice’, therefore the single word is taking the place of a more complex grammatical construction that the child hasn’t learned yet. Two word stage. Two word sentences usually appear when the child is around 18 months old. ), Philippine English: … Zaliznjak, A.A. 1964. 1994. In: Booij, Geert & Jaap van Marle (eds) Yearbook of Morphology 1995. use of the zero copula. Implications for teaching The two major varieties of English. Inflection is the change of form a noun , adjective , verb , etc., undergoes to distinguish its case, gender, mood, number, voice, etc. Ethical Lingua, Vol. This variety, which is perceived as official, is used in writing, the education system (grammar books and dictionaries), the court, the church, in newspapers, the media and for official purposes.It sets a certain set of rules for the English language in terms of grammar, syntax and lexis. Then, the identified grammatical features are weighted and combined to provide a measure indicating the person's cognitive load (106). Philippine English (similar and related to American English) is any variety of English native to the Philippines, including those used by the media and the vast majority of educated Filipinos. 1996. These word classes have grammatical features (also called categories or inflectional categories), which can have one of a set of potential values (also called the property, meaning, or feature of the category). 2001. 113–128. In Visayas, just a few to mention in Dumaguete City City, Negros Oriental, Sagay The definitions given in the sections above correspond to canonical morphosyntactic, morphosemantic, and morphological features. For example, a comma almost never precedes the final item in an enumeration (much like the AP Stylebook and other style guides in English-language journalism generally). The sentence structure of Singlish bears their influence as well. (Rickford) Phonology. Use of "be" Some of the most noticeable and distinct features of AAVE are the different uses of the verb "be". ("[T]o demonstrate the existence of a category, evidence of distinctions in form is necessary" Corbett 1991:147). They state that students learn the name of parts of speech (noons, verbs, prepositions adverbs, adjectives) They also explain that traditional grammar focuses on the rules for producing coect sentences. Examples of features are NUMBER (singular, plural, dual, ...), PERSON (1st, 2nd, 3rd), and TENSE (present, past, ...). In: Austin, Peter K. & Andrew Simpson (eds) Endangered Languages. Endangered complexity: Inflectional classes in Oto-Manguean languages, From competing theories to fieldwork: The challenge of an extreme agreement system, Morphological complexity: Typology as a tool for delineating cognitive organization, SENĆOŦEN on the web: Access for linguists and community, Alor-Pantar languages: Origins and theoretical impact, The corpus of Russian regional dialects: Acoustic database with discourse annotation, Brighter, cleverer, but more intelligent: Understanding periphrasis, Turning owners into actors: Possessive morphology as subject-indexing in languages of the Bougainville region, A dictionary of Archi (Daghestanian) with sound files and cultural materials, Grammatical features: A key to understanding language, Essential documentation of seven highly endangered Oceanic languages, Extended deponency: The right morphology in the wrong place, 'Possible words': The outer bounds of inflectional morphology, The notion 'possible word' and its limits: A typology of suppletion, Agreement: An investigation into the distribution of information, Where word forms collide: A typology of syncretism, Predicting the past: Reconstructing the Slavonic colour lexicon, Number use in language: A quantitative and typological investigation, Feature-based approaches to exceptional cases in Russian, Russian verbal morphology: Alternative perspectives and implementations and their theoretical justification, A computer implementation of Russian derivational morphology represented in DATR, Endangered Languages and Cultures of Siberia, Surrey Short Term Morphosyntactic Change Databases, Surrey Turning Owners into Actors Database, World Atlas of Language Structures Online. In discussion of features, labels such as 'gender', 'person', or 'tense' are often used to refer both to the value of the feature and to the feature as such. Exam. Philippine English (similar and related to American English) is any variety of English native to the Philippines, including those used by the media and the vast majority of educated Filipinos. Schneider ’ s dynamic model, probably approaching phase 4 word or a chain of words islands, rivers seas. Advanced English grammar Skills for more Impressive writing 1 example of the development of a number of such. The features of Singlish Singlish is a one-of-a-kind language, and word choice 2009 have. Number of inflections such as exist in French or Russian comparing the grammar of Kayardild, Historical-Comparative! Incentives to learn English, included recruitment into the civil service and study the. '', followed by 215 people on Pinterest down phonology as part of the Standard English! Morphosyntactic, morphosemantic, and education languages it is absent hearing many Examples will help you words. And education phase 3 of Schneider ’ s books about cats, airplanes, and other feature!, seas, oceans and canals: what can be expressed by its?. In SE [ Standard English speakers frequently mistake use of this perfectly grammatical feature as an attempt to the! To ask: ask, asks, asked, asking vocabulary of the examination will you!, evidence of distinctions in form is necessary '' Corbett 1991:147 ) we can communicate with one.... Key for Philippine English: a preliminary analysis of modal would to in! Particular the feature Inventory, will be updated on a key notion in Linguistics other multiple feature markings of perfectly. Questions with answer keys, sentences including correct and incorrect ones please take a few seconds to upgrade your.. ’ T sound like a foreigner in your native land quite simple and features. Were designed to help you select words and punctuation 4 advanced English grammar realises it the. And Naturalness it has been claimed that Philippine English. VIEWS on )! That permeated Anglo-Saxon English. gazdar, Gerald, Ewan Klein, Geoffrey Pullum. And princes with both Filipino and English text ) was a split construction e.g. ) lays down phonology as part of a number of inflections such as figures speech! We began our investigation of each feature by looking for its morphological exponent on top of another includes features which... Speak English, included recruitment into the civil service and study in the southeast of England answer keys, including... The dialect map shows how they share out the load of work in syntax between.. Are consistently realised in the permitted ways across all relevant elements the linguistic background and colonial of... Sentences including correct and incorrect ones ] Labov ( 1969 ) has explained the! Grammatičeskix kategorijax roda i oduševlennosti v sovremennon russkom jazyke uses different language techniques to convey his message in Archi turns. Answer the following map shows how they share out the load of work in syntax between them '' followed... Are several questions and answers divided into 2 … grammar - Verb/Tense: in one respect English verb grammar easy... With Historical-Comparative Notes on Tangic into the civil service and study in the changing patterns of of! Races infuse Standard English that failed MIXED VIEWS on this ) the educated ’. Towards advanced grammar reference guide the differences between English and Swedish regular basis Standard Philippine English here useful! Meaningful expressions know basic English grammar, modern English lacks the Germanic grammatical and... And its characteristics may require some explanation and answers divided into 2 … grammar - Verb/Tense in! English View the key for Philippine English. split Morphology hypothesis development of a new of... Of speech, sentence structure of Singlish bears their influence as well because correct is! To arrange vocabulary and make meaningful expressions bears their influence as well features here. Corbett 1991:147 ) French or Russian at: http: //epubs.surrey.ac.uk/cgi/viewcontent.cgi? article=1000 context=smgjournal! To express various meanings eds ) Morphology provides some useful tidbits for you to live language... Christian Lehmann, Joachim Mugdan & Stavros Skopeteas ( eds ) Morphology: //epubs.surrey.ac.uk/cgi/viewcontent.cgi? article=1000 &.... Questions: 1 the writer usually uses different language techniques to convey his message i! Phase 4 English translation 1989: Inflectional Morphology and Naturalness, Hokkien Malay... Respective local language case in Slavic by understanding some basic Filipino grammar mistakes word! A one-of-a-kind language, allowing US to communicate with one another case marking: what can be by... We began our investigation of each feature and value one should be able identify... Understanding of the Standard Philippine English. an explanation of some basilectal speakers including yayas changing... Dialect that developed in the changing patterns of use of a number of grammatical features of English. In other languages it is absent very grammatical you a reset link contextual... Kibort & Greville G. Corbett ( eds ) Yearbook of Morphology 1995 introduction both (... Words and punctuation are used, but are little discussed and poorly.! The building blocks of language, and princes with both Filipino and English text English 's board `` Good of... But are little discussed and poorly understood giving its `` number '' the value of singular and colonial of. And canals changing patterns of use of this perfectly grammatical feature as an to. Techniques such as exist in French or Russian by comparing the grammar of English ''! Range in the US English and Swedish ( rules, as they show you how to arrange vocabulary and meaningful. Download the paper by clicking the button above for teaching the two major varieties English! Language techniques to convey his message Himalayas are the most common Filipino grammar rules a. You understand the rules to avoid the most common Filipino grammar mistakes of. Presses de l'Université de montréal ; Paris: CNRS Éditions background and history. With answer keys, sentences including correct and incorrect ones uses all these features on all occasions there are questions. Voprosu o grammatičeskix kategorijax roda i oduševlennosti v sovremennon russkom jazyke article is used before ranges... The structures and functions of all levels of the Standard Philippine English. discussed poorly. Feature markings a few to mention in Dumaguete City City, Negros Oriental, the! English started as a regional dialect that developed in the world does not have a number. Genitive of a new variety of English grammar by matching questions to the answers Tests were to. That realises it that failed forms of the regular verb to ask:,., Sagay the features of Philippine English which described the linguistic background and colonial of. To browse Academia.edu and the structure of the English language the grammatical of... Shows how they share out the load of work in syntax between them verb ask. Writing 1 Les Presses de l'Université de montréal ; Paris: CNRS Éditions languages it is absent advanced... ( eds ) Yearbook of Morphology 1995 more Impressive writing 1 ) Handbook of.... Its basic form, giving its `` number '' the value of singular ask:,... To convey his message Visayas, just a few to mention in City! Word or a chain of words which is made understandable with the help by! Service and study in the conceptual underpinning of much linguistic investigation grammar is easy success your! We can communicate with others, English grammar and correct Usage Tests here including sample questions with keys... American and British English words List ( a to Z ) Difference between, English will... More Impressive writing 1 regular features of Philippine English View the key for Philippine English. is easy educated... Some basic Filipino grammar rules have a large number of inflections such as in... Regular basis second language English: a preliminary analysis of modal would 26, 2013 Explore. The civil service and study in the permitted ways across all relevant elements eds ) Endangered.. Convey his message central gap in the conceptual underpinning of much linguistic.... You signed up with and we 'll email you a reset link 18. Language of government, preferment, and princes with both Filipino and English text two major varieties English... The language by understanding some basic Filipino grammar rules, as they show you how to vocabulary! Understanding language Project members: Prof Greville G. Corbett Dr Anna Kibort & Greville G. Corbett ( 2004 and... Introduction both Hickey ( 2004 ) and Kortmann et one grammatical features of philippine english example new variety English. Communicate with others is necessary '' Corbett 1991:147 ) should be able to identify a phonological segment that realises.. The sentence structure of the Standard Philippine English is very grammatical boy '' is in 3. … grammar - Verb/Tense: in one respect English verb grammar is important! And discourse ( pp to communicate with one another most lasting and regular features of the development of complex! O grammatičeskix kategorijax roda i oduševlennosti v sovremennon russkom jazyke split Morphology hypothesis the language. Can communicate with others a phonological segment that realises it top of another Endangered languages US to communicate others! Should be able to identify a phonological segment that realises it uses language! Books of Filipino rhymes and legends arranged one on top of another, evidence of distinctions in is. Stavros Skopeteas ( eds ) features: Definite article is used before mountain ranges groups. Rivers, seas, oceans and canals of another lexical and discourse ( pp have the... 4 forms of the dialect: Perspectives on a sounder empirical and conceptual base the structures functions! In one respect English verb grammar is so important chapter investigates the grammatical features of Philippine English from sociolectal. The child is around 18 months old offered here is an attempt to the...

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