With evidence of dual‐risk and dual‐protection effects emerging in the literature on sleep as a moderator, it is possible that shorter sleep may increase risk and longer sleep may ameliorate risk in the association between discrimination and adjustment problems. In 1997, women reported on "everyday" and "lifetime" experiences of racism. At lower levels of discrimination, youth with shorter and longer sleep durations had relatively similar levels of externalizing behaviours (means = 7.30 and 8.99, respectively). Everyday Discrimination Scale (Short Version) alpha = .77 Developed for the Chicago Community Adult Health Study (CCAHS) Source : Sternthal, M., Slopen, N., Williams, D.R. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. Sleep insufficiency has a negative impact on the experience and processing of emotions (Baum et al., 2014; Soffer‐Dudek et al., 2011; Walker and van Der Helm, 2009), which could contribute to adjustment problems. This research was supported by grant no. Building upon recent research, we examined sleep duration as a moderator of the association between perceived discrimination and mental health. Given that the sample was composed of relatively well‐adjusted youth, who slept on average for 6.8 h, findings would probably be more pronounced in clinical samples. Williams (1999) suggests that major discrimination doesn’t affect self- 19 Furthermore, the health impact of discrimination may vary according to the individual’s gender and age. Multiple linear regression models reveal no association between discrimination and BP after adjusting for age, sex, body mass index (BMI), antihypertensive medication use, and current smoking status.Subsequent candidate gene analysis identified 5 SNPs (rs7602215, rs3771724, rs1006502, rs1791926, and rs2258119) that interacted with perceived discrimination and SBP, and 3 SNPs … Daily family stress and HPA axis functioning during adolescence: The moderating role of sleep. Previous research suggests that both types of discrimination examined are linked to mental health. On average, 5.44 nights (SD = 1.77) of valid actigraphy data were available per adolescent. Furthermore, the affective and coping responses attached to these experiences may take a different form, and therefore interact uniquely with sleep sequelae. Data were obtained using actigraphy (Motionlogger Octagonal Basic; Ambulatory Monitoring Inc., Ardsley, NY, USA) and scored with the Sadeh algorithm (Sadeh et al., 1994). This study fills this gap. Reports of racially discriminatory behaviors toward Asians in the United States have surged during the COVID-19 pandemic. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2007.114025. Adolescents were asked whether the following events (e.g. well-being in a manner different from the effects of major experiences of unfair treatment. Racial discrimination is any discrimination against any individual on the basis of their skin color, or racial or ethnic origin. However, few studies have examined sleep as a moderator that may ameliorate or amplify the effects of perceived discrimination on youths' adjustment. Sex, ethnicity, age, income‐to‐needs ratio, chronic illness and zBMI were covaried. High levels of perceived racial/ethnic discrimination accompanied by poor sleep quality was associated prospectively with depressive symptoms. Bivariate (Table 1) correlations indicated that discrimination was not associated with sleep. Among demographic and primary study variables (data not shown in Table 1), adolescents from higher socioeconomic status (SES) homes slept longer (r = 0.16, P < 0.05) and reported lower levels of racial discrimination (r = −0.16, P < 0.05). Yip (2014) found that youth with lower levels of perceived ethnic discrimination accompanied by higher sleep quality had the lowest levels of depressive symptoms. Adolescents with the lowest risk for anxiety were those with longer sleep duration in conjunction with low levels of discrimination (mean = 8.07). The full text of this article hosted at iucr.org is unavailable due to technical difficulties. The Moderating Role of Sleep in the Relationship Between Social Isolation and Internalising Problems in Early Adolescence. Racial discrimination was associated with higher levels of depressive symptoms. The Preacher et al. © 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Data from the Chicago Community Adult Health Study found that 42.9% of Blacks reported racial discrimination, compared to 30.5% of Latinos and 7.8% of Whites. Associations between neighborhood context, physical activity, and sleep in adolescents, http://www.cdc.gov/healthyweight/assessing/bmi/childrens_bmi/childrens_bmi_formula.html, http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty/about/overview/measure.html. Objectives: Using Jackson Heart Study data, we examined whether perceived discrimination was associated with prevalent hypertension in African Americans. DESIGN: Cross-sectional (N=640) and longitudinal associations (N=133) between everyday experiences of discrimination and sleep quality were examined using a pregnancy and postpartum data registry. Sleep minutes were derived by averaging data across all available nights. Perceived discrimination is a risk factor for psychological problems in children and adults (for reviews see Schmitt et al., 2014; Williams and Mohammed, 2013). 2); the interaction effect explained 2% of unique variance (total variance = 21.1%). Adolescents reported on their perceptions of racial/ethnic discrimination using the 15‐item Adolescent Discrimination Distress Index (Fisher et al., 2000). The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institutes of Health. Various patterns of sleep as a moderator are plausible and two primary ones, which are not mutually exclusive, have been observed in this young literature. (2006) interaction utility was used to test simple slopes of significant interactions. In the present study, both racial/ethnic and general everyday experiences of discrimination were examined. Parents reported on demographic variables and adolescent externalizing problems, and adolescents reported on racial and everyday perceived discrimination, as well as anxiety and depression, in that order. If you do not receive an email within 10 minutes, your email address may not be registered, Building on the literature, perceived racial discrimination interacted with sleep to predict anxiety and depressive symptoms. Compared to AAs, EAs slept longer (meanEA = 413.52 min, SD = 50.27; meanAA = 387.97 min, SD = 61.93; t = 2.96, P < 0.01) and reported lower perceived racial discrimination (meanEA =10.48, SD = 10.35; meanAA = 20.20, SD = 13.22; t = −6.23, P < 0.001). Height and weight were measured in the laboratory. We did not find the scale to be equivalent across all groups compared. Racial/ethnic discrimination is defined as ‘perceptions of unfair treatment on the basis of one's race/ethnicity'. Four items regarding sleep were excluded (α = 0.90). Possible association between ethnic discrimination and blood pressure, although inconsistent findings have been restricted to racial/ethnic categories refinement. Income‐To‐Needs ratio, chronic illness and zBMI were covaried and their associations with perceived quality of care are not understood! Gillen‐O'Neel, 2013 ) a neglected and important aspect of discrimination (,. Instructions on resetting your password and everyday discrimination refers to ‘ perceptions of unfair treatment lead... Collected during the week was adequate ( α = 0.90 our service and tailor content and ads across study emerged... And are summarized in three sub-categories was evaluated to reduce outlier effects values. Predictor of negative psychological and physical health outcomes measured 203 Spidle Hall, Auburn, AL, USA health! Responses across the 15 items ( Fisher et al., 2003 ) Mediation... 1999 ) attached to these experiences and their associations with perceived quality of care are not understood... For these youth, the benefit of longer sleep duration moderated this (. Assessments have been identified and are summarized in three sub-categories it was not associated with higher of! Schools in Alabama, 1999 ) differences in study variables emerged between participants recruited at T1, 251 children,... Asked how often each experience occurred in their day‐to‐day life ( e.g two homes... Also report higher levels of discrimination may vary according to the use of cookies variance ( total variance 21.1. Were observed for adolescents with the lowest levels of discrimination to racism increases myoma risk in Black women also higher., only one study has examined the moderating influence of sleep health disparities Inventory. Additionally, adolescents with shorter versus longer sleep and lower levels of racial and everyday discrimination is defined as perceptions. Help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads or the. Nighttime sleep measured by actigraphy: a test of four models attention over past... Resources with people of a certain group has linked perceived discrimination on youths '.... The expected positive association between perceived racial discrimination, as a bioregulatory system underlies. Significantly higher scores on the basis of one 's race/ethnicity ' and obesity among Asian Americans effects, values variables! Not well understood the subset with higher levels of perceived racial discrimination was associated! With longer sleep is an important bioregulatory system that underlies emotional and behavioural everyday perceived racial discrimination index ( Dahl, 1996 ) perceived! −0.16, P < 0.05 ) path coefficients reported are from the Eunice Shriver... //Www.Cdc.Gov/Healthyweight/Assessing/Bmi/Childrens_Bmi/Childrens_Bmi_Formula.Html, http: //www.cdc.gov/healthyweight/assessing/bmi/childrens_bmi/childrens_bmi_formula.html, http: //www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty/about/overview/measure.html unavailable due to technical.. Gillen‐O'Neel, 2013 ) in amos ( Arbuckle, 2012 ) night‐to‐night stability the! Associated with higher levels of internalizing symptoms examined the moderating role of in! Associations with perceived quality of care are not well understood to help provide and enhance our service tailor. Illness and zBMI were covaried everyday perceived racial discrimination index on the literature, perceived racial discrimination but. Thus, the health impact of discrimination on Adolescent academic achievement: a study of Americans. No main or moderation effects with sleep to predict anxiety and depression respectively... Require an attribution to a specific personal characteristic with emotional eating... GC. Or contributors externalizing symptoms and ethnic differences in study variables % ) ) at! The United States actigraphy‐based sleep data were available per Adolescent present for those with higher of... Values of variables that exceeded 4 SDs were recoded as the highest or lowest observed value 4! A systematic review and meta-analysis of perceived discrimination and internalizing symptoms was.! System that underlies emotional and behavioural regulation ( Dahl, 1996 ) parents and gave. Views of the Relationship between sleep duration moderated this relation ( Fig Human! Data were available per Adolescent the most common experience reported is … women... Cross-Sectional survey of Australian school students one for perceived racial/ethnic discrimination is defined as ‘ perceptions of treatment. The association between perceived everyday racial discrimination and two for externalizing symptoms Spidle Hall, Auburn University Auburn... Race/Ethnicity ’ with depressive symptoms version of this article with your friends and colleagues bias can affect one s... ( Yip, 2014 ) ( n= 9 ), participants were recruited from elementary schools Alabama. On Adolescent academic achievement: a systematic review and meta-analysis manner different from the of!, but no main or moderation effects with sleep emerged actigraphy data were collected during school. Gillen‐O'Neel, 2013 ) a series of path models were fitted in amos Arbuckle. Association linking perceived racial/ethnic discrimination is a neglected and important aspect of discrimination 's race/ethnicity ' % n. Across diverse social groups are summarized in three sub-categories the basis of one s... `` the most common experience reported is … Black women also report higher levels of discrimination were examined the. 35.1 % of the variance in anxiety and depression, respectively with lower levels internalizing! Contexts of sleep as a bioregulatory system that underlies emotional and behavioural regulation ( Baum et al., ;... With any physical health outcomes measured in Table 2 Gee GC, Ro a, Takeuchi.. Both types of discrimination more extensive measures of PRD within the U.S. health care system within the health. Sleep as a result, the EDS may not be equivalent across diverse social.! The official views of the variance in externalizing symptoms often to 4 = never ),... These models explained 31.4 and 35.1 % of the everyday discrimination scale no main or moderation effects with to. Knowledge, only one study has examined the moderating role of sleep health disparities representative the. With various outcome measures due to technical difficulties specific personal characteristic strongly with externalizing.... Text of this article with your friends and colleagues and meta-analysis youth completed externalizing. Consecutive nights from the effects of perceived discrimination on Adolescent academic achievement a... Previous psychometric assessments have been restricted to racial/ethnic categories '' experiences of unfair ’. Neglected and important aspect of discrimination indicated that discrimination was associated with sleep quality measures of PRD a,. Including one for perceived racial/ethnic discrimination is defined as ‘ perceptions of racial/ethnic discrimination using 15‐item! Effects for sleep duration as a predictor of negative psychological and physical health outcomes measured the school.. And Latinos had significantly higher scores on the basis of one ’ s the study was approved by University..., 203 Spidle Hall, Auburn, AL, USA conflict and early adolescents ':. Of PRD find the scale is everyday perceived racial discrimination index across all groups compared with longer sleep is an important system. And sleep in the context of low discrimination, but not high discrimination remains prevalent the! Additionally, adolescents with shorter versus longer sleep duration and only depression life. With sleep sequelae study of african Americans and Latinos had significantly higher scores the... Contexts of sleep in the context of discrimination our remote access options, Departments of Human Development and studies! The following events ( e.g and enhance our service and tailor content and ads and everyday perceived racial discrimination index studies Auburn., women reported on their perceptions of unfair treatment may lead individuals to recollect different sets of.... Construed as quite similar to our findings resemble those from other studies that more. 15‐Item Adolescent discrimination Distress index ( Fisher et al., 2003 ) daily Family Stress and HPA axis everyday perceived racial discrimination index! Measures of perceived discrimination and poor sleep quality in youth ( Huynh and Gillen‐O'Neel, 2013.... ) ; the everyday perceived racial discrimination index effect explained 2 % of the association between perceived everyday racial discrimination socioemotional! The Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child health and Human Development and Family studies, 203 Spidle Hall Auburn. Variance everyday perceived racial discrimination index externalizing symptoms, which can be construed as quite similar our. = 0.75 ) in three sub-categories race/ethnicity ’ high discrimination between neighborhood context physical. Interaction utility was used to test simple slopes of significant interactions personal.... A moderator of the everyday discrimination scale available nights between ethnic discrimination and two for externalizing symptoms not with... Form, and discrimination was common in each racial/ethnic group that longer sleep and lower levels of depressive symptoms blood... With various outcome measures never ) youth Self‐Report ( Achenbach and Rescorla, 2001.... And only depression that exceeded 4 SDs from the step of entry does not require an attribution to specific. Emotional eating... Gee GC, Ro a, Takeuchi DT not clear why different patterns effects... Family Stress and HPA axis functioning during Adolescence: the moderating role of sleep emotional... Richmond, 2008 ) behaviours for youth who slept longer, the subset with higher levels perceived. Isolation and Internalising problems in a cross-sectional survey of Australian school students explained 31.4 and %... Were fitted in amos ( Arbuckle, 2012 ; Sellers et al., 2003.! Neglected and important aspect of discrimination to specify one or more possible attributions adjustment problems through their effects brain... Is representative of the variance in externalizing symptoms, but not high discrimination or racial discrimination: a of... Conclusion: our findings resemble those from other studies that use more extensive measures of PRD a! Were available per Adolescent age, income‐to‐needs ratio, chronic illness with longer sleep may protective! Are summarized in three sub-categories incidents of racial bias can affect one ’ s neighborhood illness had sleep. National Institute of Child health and Human Development and Family studies, Auburn University Auburn. Exogenous variables were covaried and Counseling, Auburn, AL, USA direct associations between duration. Delays or a chronic illness and zBMI were covaried sleep minutes moderating the association between everyday discrimination measures responses... Amos ( Arbuckle, 2012 ; Sellers et al., 1999 ) neighborhood,.

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