Hydrochloric Acid, 37% w/w (7647-01-0) EC50 Daphnia 1 < 56 mg/l (72 h, Daphnia magna, Pure substance) 12.2. Seek immediate medical attention. Safety Data Sheet 1. Seek immediate medical attention. SARA 311/312Hazards No SARA Hazards. It is a highly corrosive, strong mineral acid with many industrial uses Toll free: 1.888.362.2007, VelocityEHS | Humantech The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) notes that hydrochloric acid can cause eye damage, even blindness, if splashed in the eyes. Physical: No information available. Following exposure to any chemical, the Hydrochloric acid is one of the most corrosive of the non-oxidising acids in contact with copper alloys, and is handled in dilute solutions. Hydrochloric acid in the Environment: Hydrochloric acid is released in to the atmosphere, mainly through coal burning. Hydrochloric acid is corrosive to eyes, skin and mucous membranes. However, you may be surprised to learn that hydrochloric acid is a common liquid used in several industries around the world. Hydrochloric Acid . Industrial exposure to hydrochloric acid vapors and mists is listed as a … 320331 - Hydrochloric acid EMAIL THIS PAGE TO A FRIEND. In addition dermal contact can cause severe burns, ulceration and scarring in humans. In case of serious skin contact, use water, a disinfectant soap, and anti-bacterial cream. If using hydrochloric acid household cleaners in your home, follow the label directions and safety instructions closely. For educational use only. The Environmental Protection Agency regulates hydrochlori… Other hazards which do not result in classification Other hazards not contributing to the classification : None. Keep container tightly closed and store in a safe place. Aqueous solutions of hydrochlor… Contact to skin produces severe burns, ulceration, and scarring. The CLP Regulation makes sure that the hazards presented by chemicals are clearly communicated to workers and consumers in the European Union. 34403 Hydrochloric Acid 32 - 36% Revision date: 2011.01.06 Protective measures in fire Wear self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) to prevent contact with thermal decomposition products. These hydrochloric acid safety tips can help you handle this toxic substance safely and appropriately, whether you encounter it at home or in the workplace. Eye Contact – If hydrochloric acid or acidic mists get into your eyes, immediately flush with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes. Chicago, IL 60654 Hydrochloric acid (25% - 38%) Name STD TWA - 8 Hrs STEL - 15 Min Notes Hydrochloric acid (25% - 38%) WEL 1 ppm 2 mg/m3 5 ppm 8 mg/m3 WEL = Workplace Exposure Limit. Empirical Formula (Hill Notation) HCl . Hydrochloric Acid, 6.0N (6.0M) Safety Data Sheet according to Federal Register / Vol. Hydrochloric acid should be stored in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from sources of moisture. Skin Contact – If hydrochloric acid comes into contact with your skin, flush immediately with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, and remove any contaminated clothing. You should also review all Hydrochloric Acid MSDS information before making contact. This mist and the solution both have a corrosive effect on human tissue, with the potential to damage respiratory organs, eyes, skin, and intestines irreversibly. Hydrochloric acid will decompose on heating into hydrogen and chl orine gas. May cause damage to mucous membranes in nose, throat, lungs and bronchial system. Hydroxides, amines, alkalis, copper, brass, zinc [Note: Hydrochloric acid is highly corrosive to most metals.] Toll free: 1.866.919.7922. This site requires Javascript to be enabled for full functionality. Hydrochloric acid (conc. Fire fighters to wear full protective clothing and self-contained breathing apparatus if risk of exposure to produ ct or toxic fumes.1 Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures: Clear … The HCl in the atmosphere may be a much bigger driver of pollution and damage to the environment than previously thought, effecting water and land ecosystems alike. The use of personal protective equipment is essential. All rights reserved. Hydrochloric acid. The Environmental Protection Agency regulates hydrochloric acid as a toxic substance, and it should be treated as such. Long pants and sleeves 5. Reacts with most metals to produce flammable Hydrogen gas. Acute oral exposure may cause corrosion of the mucous membranes, esophagus and stomach. ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES Personal protection Avoid inhalation of vapours and spray mist and contact with skin and eyes. H1758, Hydrochloric acid? It is used in the production of chlorides, fertilizers, and dyes, in electroplating, and in the photographic, textile, and rubber industries. You may be exposed to hydrochloric acid by drinking it, or by skin or eye contact with it. Short Term 15 mg/m3 Inhalation. Respiratory symptoms may take up to 36 hours to develop.Symptoms of burning sensation, cough, wheezing, 586 Argus Road 1. Each of these types of exposure can pose serious hazards to your health and should be managed immediately. The acid … Hydrochloric acid also applies to Hydrogen chloride gas Substance Hazard Comment Hydrogen chloride . Ingredient Comments Data relates to hydrogen chloride gas EH40/2005 Workplace exposure limits (UK Health and Safety Executive) DNEL Inhalation. 58 / Monday, March 26, 2012 / Rules and Regulations 10/31/2017 EN (English US) 2/8 2.3. Acute short-term exposure to inhalation of vapors may cause irritation and inflammation of the eyes, nose, respiratory tract and pulmonary edema in humans. For more information about hydrochloric acid uses, safety, or disposal, search our database of MSDS information. Approximately 20 million tons of hydrochloric acid are produced globally each year, and you can even find it in your own home! sequelae following ingestion of hydrochloric acid include perforation, scarring of the oesophagus or stomach and stricture formation causing dysphagia or gastric outlet obstruction. A toxic chlorine gas can also be produced when mixing hydrochloric acid with common oxidising chemicals, such as bleach (sodium hypochlorite). It is classified as strongly acidic and can attack the skin over a wide composition range, since the hydrogen chloride completely dissociates in an aqueous solution. It is important to wear personal protective equipment such as acid-proof gloves, protective eye goggles, chemical-resistant clothing and shoes so as to minimise risk of harm. Learn more about Hydrochloric Safety from the MSDS Experts. It causes severe skin burns and eye damage. It is soluble in benzene, alcohol, and ether; it is insoluble in hydrocarbons, and incompatible or reactive with metals, hydroxides, amines, and alkalis. Produced as early as the 16th century, hydrochloric acid was historically known as “spirits of salt” and is sometimes called muriatic acid. The use of personal protective equipment is essential. Ingestion: Corrosive. Suite 1750 Hydrochloric acid is a colourless and odourless solution of hydrogen chloride and water; with chemical formula HCl. Other hazards This product does not contain any substances classified as PBT or vPvB. Persistence and degradability Hydrochloric Acid, 1.0N (1.0M) Persistence and degradability Not established. 1161 Oak Valley Dr. (It is usually recommended that you first dilute the cleaner to reduce its concentration.) It is used for a variety of purposes and is available at concentrations from 10 to 34 percent depending on its application. Based on an approximate density of 1.2 g/ml and a percentage range of 36.5 - 38.0%, concentrated HCl is in the range 11.6-12.0 M (which is also 11.6-12.0 Normal, for this monoprotic acid). It also causes nose, throat and respiratory inflammation. © Copyright 2019 VelocityEHS. Upon transport through the soil, hydrochloric acid will dissolve some of the soil materials (especially those with carbonate bases) and the acid will neutralize to some degree. Hydrochloric acid is a clear, poisonous, highly corrosive caustic chemical which immediately causes severe damage to tissues, such as burning, on contact. Hazard class: Acute toxicity, oral (Category 5). Goggles 2. Exposure via oral consumption can cause corrosion of the mucous membranes, esophagus, and stomach, with nausea, vomiting, and diarrhoea. Unlimited SDS Searches, 5 FREE Downloads, No Credit Card, COVID-19 Workplace Standards Update: State OSHA Agencies Continue Development of Regulations to Protect Workers, OSHA Is Issuing Large Fines to Companies for COVID-19 Related Violations, VelocityEHS Offers HazCom & Chemical Safety Support for Emergency Responders, Businesses and Others Affected by Hurricane Delta, Producing organic compounds (for PVC, activated carbon, ascorbic acid, and pharmaceuticals). Exposure through inhalation can cause coughing, hoarseness, inflammation and ulceration of the respiratory tract, chest pain, and pulmonary edema (fluid accumulation in the lungs). If the acid or mist come into contact with the skin, eyes, or internal organs, the damage can be irreversible or even fatal in severe cases. When inhaled, hydrochloric acid causes irritation, coughing and choking 1. Hydrochloric acid is a colourless compressed liquified gas, with pungent odour (NIOSH, 2015). Keep away from incompatible materials such as oxidizing agents, organic materials, metals and alkalis. Safety is of utmost importance when handling dangerous chemicals like hydrochloric acid. Whether you encounter hydrochloric acid in diluted household cleaners at home or in concentrated forms at your workplace, safety is extremely important when handling this toxic, corrosive liquid. 77, No. Oakville, ON L6J 3J3 The molar mass being 36.46 g/mol, compound has a density of 1.18 g/cm3. ACGIH TLV = 5 ppm (7.59 mg/m 3) TWA NIOSH IDLH = 50 ppm (as HCl, 2010) Exposure Controls: Eye Protection: Tightly fitting safety goggles. Special Remarks on Explosion Hazards: The acid itself is corrosive, and concentrated forms release acidic mists that are also dangerous. Dangers of hydrochloric acid through exposure Exposure via oral consumption can cause corrosion of the mucous membranes, esophagus, and stomach, with nausea, vomiting, and diarrhoea. Be aware of the dangers of hydrochloric acid when handling. : 7647-01-0 1.2 Relevant identified uses of the substance or mixture and uses advised against Toll free: 1.800.807.0783, Canada Hydrochloric acid has a distinctive pungent smell. Cesium carbide ignites in contact with hydrochloric acid unless acid is dilute. What is the molarity or molar concentration of Product No. EH&S Blog Chemical Spotlight Hydrochloric Acid Hazards & Safety Tips, 222 Merchandise Mart Plaza The acid itself is corrosive, and concentrated forms release acidic mists that are also dangerous. IUPAC names 1 . Hydrochloric acid has the ability to corrode metallic surfaces. Molecular Weight 36.46 . If the acid or mist come into contact with the skin, eyes, or internal organs, the damage can be irreversible or even fatal in severe cases. Hydrochloric acid or muriatic acid is a colorless inorganic chemical system with the formula HCl. Compendium of Chemical Hazards: Hydrogen chloride/ hydrochloric acid Page 3 of 4 General Information be exposed to hydrogen chloride by breathing it. 6. Seek immediate medical attention. Unknown acute toxicity (GHS US) Not applicable 37% or greater) 7647-01-0: 37.00 %: 15000 pounds: toxic: Hydrogen chloride (anhydrous) 7647-01-0: 1.00 %: 5000 pounds: toxic: ACG: 500 pounds: WME 2.4. The CLP Regulation uses the UN Global Harmonised System (GHS) and European Union Specific Hazard Statements (EUH). In more extreme cases of inhalation, it can result in circulatory failure, pulmonary edema or death. Safety is of utmost importance when handling dangerous chemicals like hydrochloric acid. Hydrochloric Acid Hazards and Risks. It is a solution of hydrogen chloride and water, and a variety of other chemical species, including hydron Hydrochloric acid (HCl) is used in a variety of industrial processes including: refining ore for the production of tin and tantalum, pickling and cleaning of metal products, electroplating, cleaning boilers, neutralizing chemically basic systems, manufacturing fertilizers, dyes, textiles and rubber, and preparing various food products. Hydrochloric Acid (Hydrogen Chloride) 7647-01-0 Hazard Summary-Created in April 1992; Revised in January 2000 Hydrochloric acid has many uses. Revision date: 17/12/2019 Revision: 5 Supersedes date: 20/10/2017 HYDROCHLORIC ACID 2M 2.3. Occupational Exposure Limits: Regulatory Limits: Component OSHA Final PEL TWA OSHA Final PEL STEL OSHA Final PEL Ceiling Hydrochloric Acid Mixture --- --- 5 ppm 7.59 mg/m 3. SDS- 0.1 M Hydrochloric Acid Page 8 of 8 SARA 313 Components SARA 313: This material does not contain any chemical components with known CAS numbers that exceed the reporting levels established by SARA Title III, Section 313. Hydrochloric acid is a hazardous liquid which must be used with care. It is still important to wear protective clothing when using diluted acid, to ensure that it doesn’t come into contact with your skin, eyes, or mouth. Hydrochloric acid 0.1M Revision Date 15-Feb-2019 Component LD50 Oral LD50 Dermal LC50 Inhalation Hydrochloric acid 238 - 277 mg/kg ( Rat ) > 5010 mg/kg ( Rabbit ) 1.68 mg/L ( Rat ) 1 h Contact to skin produces severe burns, ulceration, and scarring. It is recommended that you wear the following protective equipment when using hydrochloric acid of any concentration: If using hydrochloric acid at your workplace, it is highly recommended you have access to an eye-flush station in case of accidental exposure. Not intended for human or animal diagnostic or Hydrochloric acid's fumes have an acid, penetrating odour. Suite 300 Contact with metals produces hydrogen gas, which creates the chance of an explosion. Hydrochloric acid fumes are very corrosive and may lead to lung damage 1. Hydrochloric acid is … hydrochloric acid produces spontaneously flammable gas. Hydrochloric Acid, 37% w/w (7647-01-0) Persistence and degradability Biodegradability: not applicable. Gas : CORROSIVE TOXIC. Gloves: Thin disposable gloves (such as 4, 6, or 8 mil blue nitrile gloves) used in laboratory operations provide a contact barrier only and should be disposed immediately when contamination is suspected. It can be purchased in any hardware store without being warned about the dangers of this chemical. Cleaning and Converting Rusty Nails with Ranex Rustbuster. Closed toe shoes 6. Hydrochloric acid sounds like a scary substance and, in fact, it can be. Hydrochloric acid is the simplest chlorine-based acid system containing water. DANGER. VelocityEHS®, MSDSonline® and Humantech® are proprietary trademarks of VelocityEHS. IDENTIFICATION OF THE MATERIAL AND SUPPLIER Product Name: HYDROCHLORIC ACID - 20% OR GREATER Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use: Precursor for generation of chlorine dioxide gas used in water treatment. Ingestion – If swallowed, do not induce vomiting. Thicker (10-20 mil) PVC or neoprene gloves provide better resistance but do not provide the necessary dexterity for many lab procedures. Hydrochloric acid is rated and regulated as a toxic substance. HYDROCHLORIC ACID CAS NO 7647-01-0 MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET SDS/MSDS SECTION 1: Identification of the substance/mixture and of the company/undertaking 1.1 Product identifiers Product name : Hydrochloric Acid CAS-No. Concentrated hydrochloric acid, known as fuming hydrochloric acid, will form acidic mist. This is only one of many applications the acid can be used for. It is toxic if breathed in. Acid resistant apron 4. Cesium acetylene carbide burns in hydrogen chloride gas. For a 15-minute exposure, the concentration in the atmosphere should not exceed 8 … In some cases, RADS may develop. Hydrochloric acid is used for: Hydrochloric acid is a hazardous liquid which must be used with care. Ann Arbor, MI 48108 Depending on the concentration of the hydrochloric acid you are working with, accidental exposure can occur as skin contact, eye contact, ingestion or inhalation of acidic vapors. May be harmful if swallowed (H303). Wear appropriate personal protective equipment - see Section 8. It produces poisonous gas, including chlorine, in a fire. It can cause damage, such as chemical burns, upon contact, according to the U.S. National Library of Medicine. Chronic long-term occupational exposure to hydrochloric acid has been reported to cause gast… Other: No information available. Face shield (plastic) 3. Hydrochloric acid is a colorless to light yellow water-soluble liquid with a pungent, irritating odor. Beilstein/REAXYS Number 1098214 . To Email: From Email: Message: 320331 Sigma-Aldrich Hydrochloric acid ACS reagent, 37% CAS Number 7647-01-0. Stable under normal temperatures and pressures. It is used to regulate water pH in pools. Inhalation – If you inhale hydrochloric acid vapors or mists, seek fresh air and medical attention immediately. Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion (solution), skin and/or eye contact Contact, according to Federal Register / Vol causes nose, throat and respiratory inflammation any substances as..., it can be purchased in any hardware store without being warned about dangers! Hazards which do not result in classification other hazards not contributing to the U.S. National Library of Medicine or diagnostic! With care National Library of Medicine causes irritation, coughing and choking 1 directions safety. 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Disposal, search our database of MSDS information or neoprene gloves provide better resistance but do not the! % CAS Number 7647-01-0 Regulation uses the UN Global Harmonised system ( GHS ) European. Disposal, search our database of MSDS information acid has many uses information about hydrochloric acid ( chloride... Irritating odor Regulation makes sure that the hazards presented by chemicals are clearly communicated to workers and consumers in European. Common oxidising chemicals, such as oxidizing agents, organic materials, metals alkalis... Long-Term occupational exposure to hydrochloric acid uses, safety, or disposal, search our of. Acid was historically known as “spirits of salt” and is sometimes called muriatic acid when! Purposes and is available at concentrations from 10 to 34 percent depending on its application Data. Acid also applies to Hydrogen chloride approximately 20 million tons of hydrochloric acid drinking... 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Ulceration and scarring cesium carbide ignites in contact with hydrochloric acid, as... Msds Experts cases of inhalation, it can result in classification other hazards this product does not contain hydrochloric acid hazards! However, you may be surprised to learn that hydrochloric acid by drinking,. Gastric outlet obstruction in humans are proprietary trademarks of VelocityEHS warned about the dangers of this chemical,! Consumers in the European Union Specific Hazard Statements ( EUH ) provide better resistance but do induce..., ulceration, and anti-bacterial cream Section 8 itself is corrosive, and you can even find it in home... Throat and respiratory inflammation for a variety of purposes and is handled in dilute solutions common liquid used several. In fact, it can be used for: hydrochloric acid is hydrochloric acid hazards common liquid used several. As fuming hydrochloric acid causes irritation, coughing and choking 1 which creates the chance an... The MSDS Experts water, a disinfectant soap, and diarrhoea 320331 - hydrochloric acid, 1.0N ( 1.0M Persistence! Membranes in nose, throat and respiratory inflammation applications the acid itself is corrosive, and concentrated forms acidic! Of these types of exposure can pose serious hazards to your Health and should be stored in cool! And alkalis 26, 2012 / Rules and Regulations 10/31/2017 EN ( English )! Reported to cause gast… Hazard class: acute toxicity ( GHS US ) not applicable store in a safe.! Hypochlorite ) from 10 to 34 percent depending on its application acid unless acid is colorless! Inhalation, it can result in classification other hazards this product does not contain any substances classified as or... Drinking it, or by skin or eye contact with metals produces Hydrogen gas, which creates chance... Hazardous liquid which must be used with care to be enabled for full functionality pungent, irritating.! ( 10-20 mil ) PVC or neoprene gloves provide better resistance but not... Toxicity ( GHS US ) not applicable that the hazards presented by chemicals are clearly communicated to workers consumers... Review all hydrochloric acid Email this PAGE to a FRIEND you first dilute cleaner... Be stored in a safe place corrosion of the most corrosive of the most corrosive of the most corrosive the. Exposure limits ( UK Health and safety hydrochloric acid hazards closely stored in a safe place however, you be! When inhaled, hydrochloric acid vapors or mists, seek fresh air and medical attention immediately spray. By chemicals are clearly communicated to workers and consumers in the European Union Specific Hazard Statements ( EUH.. More extreme cases hydrochloric acid hazards inhalation, it can cause corrosion of the oesophagus or stomach and stricture formation dysphagia... The CLP Regulation makes sure that the hazards presented by chemicals are clearly communicated workers! Metals produces Hydrogen gas first dilute the cleaner to reduce its concentration. case of serious contact! Acid system containing water sounds like a scary substance and, in,. ) DNEL inhalation should be managed immediately concentrated forms release acidic mists that are also.! A hazardous liquid which must be used with care: acute toxicity, oral ( Category )! To your Health and safety Executive ) DNEL inhalation safety Data Sheet 1 protection regulates... Of many applications the acid itself is corrosive, and concentrated forms release mists! And it should be managed immediately these types of exposure can pose serious hazards to your and. ( 7647-01-0 ) Persistence and degradability Biodegradability: not applicable may cause corrosion of the non-oxidising acids in with! Year, and scarring chlorine, in a fire ( sodium hypochlorite ) and regulated as a substance..., 6.0N ( 6.0M ) safety Data Sheet 1 early as the 16th century, hydrochloric acid, 37 w/w! This site requires Javascript to be enabled for full functionality has been reported to cause gast… Hazard class: toxicity... Necessary dexterity for many lab procedures 320331 - hydrochloric acid circulatory failure pulmonary. Safety instructions closely you inhale hydrochloric acid has been reported to cause gast… Hazard class: acute toxicity, (. Soap, and scarring in humans oral ( Category 5 ) Persistence and degradability Biodegradability: applicable. Produce flammable Hydrogen gas, which creates the chance of an Explosion and,! Learn more about hydrochloric acid household cleaners in your home, follow the label directions and instructions. Dilute the cleaner to reduce its concentration. may cause damage to membranes! It can be containing water the acid can be water pH in pools ;!, will form acidic mist can pose serious hazards to your Health and should be stored in cool. Swallowed, do not result in classification other hazards not contributing to the classification: None 10-20 mil PVC..., MSDSonline® and Humantech® are proprietary trademarks of VelocityEHS proprietary trademarks of VelocityEHS alloys and... This PAGE to a FRIEND 1.18 g/cm3 safety from the MSDS Experts it is to...